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Saturday, December 24, 2011

Rename multiple files



Rename multiple files




At times, we may want to rename some files in a single
click to have names that follow each other. It is quite easy to do this.
First, you highlight all the files that you want to rename


Then you press F2 (function key 2)
this makes one of the names editable.


Next, enter your desired name for the file group (e.g. my files)
Press "Enter" or click on the white space.


You've finished and the files will be named with the name
you gave with increasing numbers following them

HOW TO OPEN COMMAND PROMPT


HOW TO OPEN COMMAND PROMPT

Command
                Prompt Window

One important tool in windows that can be used for a variety of
fun things is the command prompt. It's that "black window"
that present some stuff like C:\> and a little something else.


Now, there are a couple of ways to open this prompt and get all
the goodies it comes with.

Method 1:

You can access the command prompt by clicking on run and typing
in the dialog box that appears the word cmd or cmd.exe
this opens the command prompt window

The run dialog can also be accessed by clicking the windows
key and pressing the R key alongside.


Method 2:

If you don't mind searching, you can open my computer,
open your system drive (usually C:\), Open windows folder
and double click on cmd.exe
You're done.


Method 3:

If you're feeling quite reluctant to do any of the above three,
You can open the search dialog box (Press key F3) and type
it in there. (You still have to double click it when the
related items appear)


Method 4:

This one involves the use of the task manager. Learn how to open task manager.
When task manager is open, you can run
a new task under the applications tab (or in the
file menu). Browse to the folder and click on
cmd.exe
or type cmd.exe in the dialog that appears


How to really hide your important files


Sometimes, getting people not to see "those" files can be really hard. They keep coming across them no matter how well you attempt to hide them. Some ways we hide them is to keep them in folders with"warning names", or folders which are kept in some system directories like the windows and the program files directories.



Ever wondered how you can keep folders on your desktop and nobody can access them or even delete them?    OK. this is how.


Method 1


You can use "that black window", the command prompt to make the files hidden.
You can right click and hide it as well. But anybody can just un-hide them.
OK, we'll make them system files. This way, they cannot be seen even if the person clicks on show hidden files in folder options. Here's how...


Open command prompt and type this: attrib +r +s +h +a and type a space.






You can then drag the file and put in the window. This will place the path of the file
after the command. Press enter, and the magic happens as the file vanishes.
You can undo this by following all the steps and changing the attrib +r +s +a +h to
 attrib -r -s -a -h; Remember the order of the arguments (a, r, s, h) can change.

You can access this file/folder by entering the path in the address bar.


Method 2


Method 1 can be quite easy to overcome. One can also show system files in folder
options(control panel). Another method is to make the file truly invisible. Create a new folder
and rename it to a preferred name.  right click on it and click on properties.
choose the customize tab, then the change icon button.


This will present a set of icons
from which you can choose any design. There are a couple of folders which
are blank. choose one of these and click ok.


This hides the folder. All you see is the name. It is thus advisable to choose names
of small length. You can check how to make a folder without a name


You may also like to know how to make an undeletable file
on windows 

Few reason why your pc will freeze



Few reason why your pc will freeze

Its really annoying and quite a lot of "fun" to be using your pc and it suddenly freezes.
I feel like "Strangling" myself when this happens. Here are a few reason that this happens and how to solve them.


HARDWARE CONFLICTS - Yes, my pc is crashing frequently, it must be a bad RAM. This is possible, but before going through all the
worry of opening the case of your machine, first check for hardware conflicts. This usually occurs when two or more devices try to communicate through
 the same IRQ. If some hardware are not properly installed, they can use IRQ that is already in use by another device. when these two devices
are used at the same time, the pc is likely to crash.

The solution,
Check your device manager for any hardware conflicts. Components with problems are usually marked with a yellow exclamation triangle
Finding the problem device is the first step, you can reinstall the device to fix it.


SOFTWARE - Ok. There are loads of free software and trial shareware on the internet. Sometimes installing such software might not be a good idea.
The software installation can cause problems. If you do not trust the software's source, it is advisable not to install it.

The soltion
Uninstall the software that was most recently installed before the problem started. If your computer does not get to desktop mode,
you can try booting to safe mode and uninstalling the program. During boot up press F8 to enter safe mode. Alternatively, you can
use the most recent configurations when you strike the F8 key.

VIRUSES - don't shiver. Some of them are really "friendly". Apart from giving you a hard time using your pc, they might make you want to
commit suicide and get it done with. Scan all files that you put on your pc.

The solution
Get a good antivirus. There are some free ones and some of them quite good. You can try avast, kaspersky or AVG.
Keep your antivirus updated always and scan any file that you put on your pc. Most viruses today spread through usb drives. Disabling autorun
feature on all drives is a real saviour when an autorun virus is on the next usb device you insert. Run scans regularly. You can also schedule them
to run automatically.

HARD DISK - Most of us don't care what goes on in the computer as long as it comes on. Wait till the day it does not come on and we'll start
complaining. The hard disk can be the reason behind the crashing or freezing of your pc.

The solution
your harddisk should always be defragmented when the fragmentation goes above ten percent (10%). The chkdsk feature should be run regularly.
These can be done when you right click on your hard disk in My Computer and choose properties. You then choose tools under which you will
find the defragmentation option as well as the check disk options. You can use HDTune


THE RAM - A bad RAM can be a real problem. It means spending on another ram. The ram might not really be condemned. You should
first try detecting problems with the ram. The manufacturer's company should have some software which can do this. Windows vista and
windows 7 also have a memory diagnosis function that helps you check for errors with your computer memory.

The solution
get a software that can check your ram with and check for errors. You can try memtest. If this fails, try to see if you can get someone to fix
the current ram (if possible) or get a new one.



There are a host of other reasons behind crashing or freezing pcs. You can add them in your  comments


ENABLE TASK MANAGER

Is the task manager grayed out? The task manager you used
to access, now you are told it has been disabled by your
administrator. Who the h*ll is the administrator.

Don't worry about who the admin is. Fix it. 

How? here:

You will need to access the registry. You are wondering
"Can i do this?". Yes you can.
Afraid to touch the registry? try another method of doing this.

1. Click start button

2. Click on run

3. Type regedit and click OK
You should see the picture below, or a look alike



Back up the registry before anything since this area
is not for "us children".

4. If you've backed up, go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER

5. Software, then Microsoft

6. Next, click on  Windows

7. Click on CurrrentVersion

8. Click on policies, then click on System

9. Delete the value name DisableTaskMgr, Then you're done

Also, You can paste the text below in the run box and click ok

REG add HKC\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System /v DisableTaskMgr /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f

Press enter and you're good to glow.

ENABLE DISABLED TASK MANAGER




Wake up one morning and the windows task manager is greyed out.
Ctrl + Alt + Del won't work. Oh God, do i have to reformat?
Definitely not. There is a way to re enable it.


In windows XP professional, vista and windows 7

1. Click run in the start menu (or windows key + R) and

2. type gpedit.msc, then click on OK


3. Select user configuration

4. Then select Administrative templates

5. Select System

6. select Ctrl + Alt + Delete options

7. Double click on the remove task manager option

8. Set the value to disabled by clicking the check box

this should solve the problem. once the problem is solved, update
your antivirus and spyware removal tools and run a full system
scan to remove the culprit

You can also use another method in doing this

Delete an undeletable file


"Why won't this f*cking file just delete? I've tried everything and it's still showing here." That was me some years ago. But now, it's a piece of cake.
Here's how. The file can be undeletable because, it is either in use or it has been set with some special attributes.
Caution: make sure you really want to delete the file
There are different methods of doing this.


Method 1 - the notepad method
Notepad? Yes notepad. Some files can easily be deleted using notepad. Open notepad (start > all programs > accessories > notepad).


Now click file
and save. Don't worry about typing anything. Browse to the file you want to delete and click on the file. Change the type of the file to all Files (under the
space for the name - where the name of the file should now appear). now click save. You should have a new file with the same name which can be easily
deleted normally with the normal method - if all things work well.


Method 2 - Command Prompt
Yes, that black window again. It's one great tool windows has - at least from where am standing. The notepad method is not
always efficient as should be expected (it looks too easy). open command prompt (start > all programs > accessories >
command prompt). type del /F  followed by the path to the file.




You can drag the file to the prompt window and the path is written there and press enter.
The file should be deleted all things being equal.


Method 3 - Command Prompt cum Task Manager
Most undeletable files are usually opened in explorer. Thus the file can only be deleted if it has been closed by explorer. We can close explorer
using the task manager and restart it after the delete. this makes the surety of the file getting deleted higher. Open command prompt.
Open task manager (Right click on the taskbar and click task manager).


 Go to the processes tab and end explorer.exe. This done, type
the above command DEL /F in the prompt and press enter. You can restart explorer by clicking on new task in the Applications
window of the task manager and typing in explorer.exe


There are also software that can be used. You can try unlocker and glary utilities





HOW TO BACK UP THE REGISTRY

HOW TO BACK UP THE REGISTRY


The windows registry is a sensitive area of the windows
operating system. any small error can de - stabilize your system
but at times it is necessary that we do some changes there.

 In such cases, we need to back up the registry. This is make a copy of
it's current state, so that in the eventuality of
causing some havoc due to the change we made, we can
restore the saved version.

Backing up the registry is not difficult. Follow these steps:

1. open the registry editor (start > run > regedit.exe)
You should see the window below


In the file menu, Click on export. This opens a dialog box
in which you enter the place you want to save
the back up registry file.

Select a safe location. and click OK.
You're done. You can now edit the registry.

Should you realize that the editing has caused a problem,
You can restore the back up to stabilize things.

Happy tweaking


Wednesday, December 21, 2011

How to change the start menu text "start" in windows xp

How to change the start menu text "start" in windows XP


How would it feel like to customize windows on your PC just as you like it? The "Start" on the taskbar doesn't always have to be start.
It can as well be your name (or any other text you want). All you have to do is get this software : Resource hacker. Those already
Complaining about paying for downloads, it's my pleasure to tell you that it is free. You can get it here. It is
a small archive that can do wonderful things. Things can go quite wrong so you first have to back up the file explorer.exe
in the windows folder.You also have to back up your registry since you will do a little change to it.


OK. let's get started. Open resource hacker.exe and click on file. Browse to the windows directory and select explorer.exe.
You should see a table like this:




Now, click the string table to expand it. Under the string table, there are different "folders". Expand folder number 37 and click on 1033,
the only value under it. You should see the image as shown below.






Where it is written "start", that is where you will enter the text you want to appear on the start menu. Do not delete the quotations (" and ").
i changed mine to "Staphy" as shown below:





Now click on Compile Script and you can now close the resource hacker.


OK! it's time for the registry. Press the windows key and press R key. This brings up the window shown below and type in
Regedit. This opens the registry editor




Browse to the key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon





Now, click on "shell" in the right part of the registry window. This brings up the dialog below. Change the writing in the "rectangle" under VALUE DATA
It should initially be explorer.exe. Change it to the new edited explorer you created as i have done and save mine as Staphy.exe.It could have been any name.exe.






What is left now is a simple restart.If everything goes well, you should see the string you used instead of start on the start menu

How to install windows 7 using a usb pen drive


Ever wondered, how to install windows 7 while your disk drive is malfunctioning, or you just
don't like to buy a disk? I'll tell you: to h*ll with the disk drive. Use your pen drive in these easy steps.


Windows 7 and windows vista have a file Bootsect.exe. that's the deal. This file creates a boot sector
on any drive specified. This is a great tool that can help us install windows vista or windows 7 using a pen
drive or other media. Be reminded this works only if your BIOS supports boot from USB.


Using a pen drive with capacity of 4GB or above, you will first need to format the pen drive in NTFS format.
This you have to do at the dos prompt. Run command prompt as administrator.
You can do this by right clicking and clicking "run as administrator", or press and hold
control and shift and double click command prompt, or better still navigate into system32 and open
cmd.exe. You should see a black window like below after confirming the user account prompt.









This done, you then type the word "DISKPART" and press enter (press enter after each command as well).
You should then see the same window with some few texts added. the prompt now looks like
DISKPART>;


Now, type this "LIST DISK". The following prompt appears:






If your pen drive is the 8GB one, then it's number is 5. Now type in "SELECT DISK" followed by the number corresponding
to your disk. In this case, I should type  SELECT DISK 5;




The disk selected, type "CLEAN" . Then type CREATE PARTITION PRIMARY


Now type "SELECT PARTITION 1". Type "ACTIVE".


Its now time for formatting.  Type "FORMAT FS=NTFS"


When the formatting is done, type "ASSIGN", then EXIT.


This returns you to the main command prompt window. This procedure creates the boot sector on your disk


insert your windows 7 or vista DVD and type G:CD BOOT. In this case, am assuming your disk drive is
G. You can find this out when you open my computer.


Now type this: BOOTSECT.EXE/NT60 G: , assuming again that G is your disk drive


Finally, copy the windows installation files onto your pen drive, then we're good to glow.


Restart your PC and click ESC (or whatever suitable to your system) to enter the device to boot from.


You can equally enter your BIOS and upgrade your pen drive to first boot device.


We're done, as your installation begins.


All this seems to be long steps but compared with the efficiency of the installation, i think this is worth the worry.


Alternatively, there are software you can use. A Google search will help you find one. But what is the fun


in having a program to do this "relatively simple" tweaks for you whiles you can do it yourself? Lol.